Reading in the results of the Croatian parliamentary elections (2015)

Reading in the results of the Croatian parliamentary elections (2015)

Betul Fatma Comert

Researcher at SaKuds

M.A. in Political Sciences on Balkans

 

On 8th of November, 2015, Croatia had parliamentary elections under the shadows of high unemployment rates_ especially among the young generation which reached 43.10%[1]_ and economic stagnation in the entire country, with turnout of 60.82%. This was the first parliamentary elections of the country since its acceptance to the EU, in 2013. The main pre-elections coalitions were the “Patriotic Coalition”, led by center-right HDZ, and the “Croatia Grows”, led by center-left SDP. At the end of the elections, both coalitions won 56 seats, although, Patriotic Coalition got three more seats by the votes of the Croatian diasporas, despite the low participant of the diasporas which didn’t pass 6% in some cases.

The winning pre-elections coalitions could not reach the enough number of seats, which is 76 out of 151 seats, which allows them to form the government without more coalitions, which made of the newly established party “MOST” the “Kingmakers” with their 19 precious seats.

 

Years SDP coalition HDZ coalition Other
2015 56 Seats (32,31%) 59 seats (33,46%) MOST / 19 Seats (13,17%)
 2011 81 Seats (40%) 47 Seats (23.8%) LABOUR/6 Seats (5.1%)
2007 56 Seats (31,2%) 66 Seats (36,6%) HSS/8 Seats (6.5%)
Table (1) results of the last three Croatian parliamentary elections

 

According to the results we can say that comparing with the last elections SDP lost 8% of its votes which means 24 seats of the parliament. One of the reasons of that decrease might be the unemployment rates which gradually increased since they came to the power in 2011; it was 14.40% among citizens older than 25 years, today it is 17.20%.  When we look at Europe in general, during the economic crisis of 2008 in the whole world, center-right parties were ruling. In the coming elections of most of European countries center-left parties came to the power. So, we could assume that one of the reasons for the big results of SDP in the last elections was the hope of people for a better economy, with big encourage of the European general trends, knowing that this is the 6th victory of HDZ in the parliamentary elections out of 8 elections since 1990, but this time the victory came mainly thanks to the Croatian diasporas, and the new “MOST” which seems to be taking a big slice of the SDP led-coalition seats.

What is going to happen now? Perhaps both coalitions will try to get the new party to be able to make the government. On the other hand, and according to some roomers, the new President of the country Kolinda Grabar would like to see HDZ in the ruling position. This picture will make the coming weeks full of political bickering, and we might see instability in Zagreb until a serious deal between the politicians takes place; the ball is in their court anymore.

 

 

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1] http://countryeconomy.com/unemployment/croatia?dr=2015-09